How to write a critical discussion paper series

Getting Started When you are about to begin, writing a thesis seems a long, difficult task.

How to write a critical discussion paper series

This paper draws attention to the tragedy of stress and suicide in health professional students and practitioners, specifically focusing on doctors and surgeons. Numerous global studies involving every medical and surgical specialty indicate that approximately 1 in 3 physicians is experiencing burnout at any given time.

Medical students appear to be at an equal or higher risk of burnout, depression, substance abuse, and suicide. Because of the perceived and real risks associated with seeking help for such problems, many students, trainees, and doctors, and health care organizations fail to recognize, report, discuss, or pursue treatment for these conditions.

The purpose of this paper is to shine a spotlight on this culture of silence, to understand the scope and complexity of the underlying issues, and to drive changes to deliver individual, organizational, and societal interventions that preserve and promote the physical and emotional health of care givers.

In the following four vignettes, care providers write candidly about their own experiences in hopes that sharing their stories will help break down the Culture of Silence.

Anyone else can join the movement by sending their written thoughts, opinions, or personal accounts relating to the culture of silence to sunny. These written comments will be shared only if the writer and those easily identified in the remarks provide explicit permission to do so.

Getting Started

It is reprinted with kind permission from the Beeson Beat and Dr. Minor edits have been made to this text since its original publication. Drawn from personal experiences, the authors expose what they feel is a culture of silence under intense pressure that pushes physicians and trainees to experience depression and in many cases to tragically end their lives.

The authors hope to bring more voices into their conversation by requesting others who are comfortable with sharing to offer their own reactions to situations they were forced to navigate throughout their education and careers as health providers. This piece is Dr.

Read the discussion paper Breaking a Culture of Silence: The Role of State Medical Boards Over the course of his year career in the field of medicine, Arthur Hengerer has witnessed many mental health challenges among his physician colleagues at all stages of their careers.

Now, with his involvement in regulatory aspects of medicine, he is in a position to proactively address these challenges. Hengerer is devoting the rest of his career to diminishing the great stigma surrounding mental health issues so medical students and physicians can get the help they need in a safe environment.

A Reflection on the Limits of Physician Resilience By Januaryit rained, they say, for over days in a row; Seattle has a reputation for precipitation, which I have to believe could lead to higher rates of seasonal affective disorder and the need for strong coffee. It was during this month that I can say I may have reached my low point.

I was a young, insecure, and nervous intern in the Harborview Medical Center intensive care unit that month—one in which our attending physician later admitted was the busiest of his long career.

how to write a critical discussion paper series

Myself and my senior resident, Phil, came to expect the admission of more than 10 critically ill patients every fourth night. The idea of caps on resident duty hours has been studied and discussed since the early s, and even in the hour workweek was implemented, if not necessarily followed. But caps were not a term we used on-call—they were what our surgical colleagues wore in the OR operating roomand what I wore on the rare off day I could attend a Mariners game.

Stress and Wellness in Health Professions Education Series Students, trainees, faculty, and health professionals all affirm that stress in the health professions has a direct human toll on productivity, efficiency, quality, and the human capital of the workforce. A strategic move is necessary to shift the paradigm and create a new normal—one that is life affirming, health oriented, and drives durable changes for the next generation.

To develop a foundation for dialogue among the professions, individual members of the Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education from various health professions volunteered to write perspectives that summarize the types of stresses affecting their profession.

These authors examine systems-level stressors from each of their individual perspectives, and explore how their profession responds to stress within education and practice.

Discussion Paper Series

A Multifaceted Systems Approach to Addressing Stress Within Health Professions Education and Beyond There are unique stressors faced by health professionals that begin during the educational process and continue throughout training and into practice.

While stress is expected owing to the intense nature of the work in health care, the systems in which faculty and health professionals work often intensifies this already stressful environment and can lead to negative mental and physical effects.

Stress takes a major toll on individuals and has been reported to increase absenteeism, errors, burnout, and substance use, and it can even lead to individuals quitting the health professions altogether.

Individual and institutional costs in the form of strained personal and professional relationships, lower quality of care, and financial expenses associated with diminished physical health and mental well-being of those caring for the population also occur.

The disruption for coworkers who rely on burned-out, stressed, or absent colleagues for their expertise significantly impedes team functioning and further degrades the overall quality of the care.

A Call for Mindful, Self-Care Protocols Now more than ever is the time for occupational therapy educators, students, and practitioners to invest in strategies to combat burnout and stress.

Current health care practice requires occupational therapy practitioners to manage many dimensions of patient care. Yuen called upon occupational therapy fieldwork educators to put more time in their formal training toward teaching experiences with their students, and to recognize potential for burnout by increasing self-awareness.

An Approach That Spans the Physician Life Cycle Burnout, depression, and suicidal ideation are key areas of concern because of the consequences they can have on physicians as well as the patients for whom they care.

The level of burnout in the medical profession has increased at an alarming rate in the past decade. Statistics reveal that about 54 percent of all physicians are burnt out 30—40 percent of employed physicians and 55—60 percent of self-employed physicians. Students, interns, and residents also factor into the equation as reports indicate they experience burnout at a rate of 20—40 percent.

These factors can pose a heavy burden on physicians at different stages of their careers e. Read the commentary Promoting Well-Being in Psychology Graduate Students at the Individual and Systems Levels More than 70 percent of psychology doctoral students report experiencing stressors that can affect their ability to fully function.

Common stressors include academic responsibilities, debt, anxiety, and poor work—life balance. Lack of support from faculty, poor relationships with faculty, and cohort tension are sources of stress and negatively affect both personal and professional functioning while serving as barriers to effective coping.

This can result in trainees who have difficulty developing and exhibiting the proper degree of professional competence termed as problems with professional competence.Expert Reviewed.

How to Write a Research Introduction. Four Parts: Introducing the Topic of the Paper Establishing the Context for Your Paper Specifying Your Research Questions and Hypothesis Research Introduction Help Community Q&A The introduction to a research paper can be the most challenging part of the paper to write.

Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. Critical Friends Groups: Catalysts for School Change From time to time, Education World updates and reposts a previously published article that we think might be of interest to teachers and administrators.

Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.

Now supports 7th edition of MLA. American psychologist William James wrote: The emotions aren’t always immediately subject to reason, but they are always immediately subject to action. Emotions — whether fear or love, pity or anger — are powerful motivators for your audience.

An audience emotionally stimulated in the right. In this monthly series, Dr. Angel Borja draws on his extensive background as an author, reviewer and editor to give advice on preparing the manuscript (author's view), the evaluation process (reviewer's view) and what there is to hate or love in a paper (editor's view).

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