Groupthink prevents these benefits due to structural faults and provocative situational context Groupthink prevention methods will produce better decisions An illusion of well-being is presumed to be inherently dysfunctional. Group pressures towards consensus lead to concurrence-seeking tendencies. It has been thought that groups with the strong ability to work together will be able to solve dilemmas in a quicker and more efficient fashion than an individual. Groups have a greater amount of resources which lead them to be able to store and retrieve information more readily and come up with more alternative solutions to a problem.
Small Group Communication March 21, Book: Houghton Mifflin, Executive Summary: In this book Janis writes about the group phenomena known as groupthink. He breaks down the some of the reasons why groupthink occurs and gives theories, implications, and applications of groupthink. Also, he connects his findings on groupthink to political fiascoes and demonstrates that groupthink is the leading cause behind these mishaps.
Since this presentation is very short and limited I have chosen to focus directly on the Bay of Pigs fiasco and show how Janis portrays it as a product of groupthink.
The Bay of Pigs is a United States foreign policy fiasco that is directly related to symptoms of groupthink. Forecasting of Key Points: There were six major miscalculations made by the presidential advisory group.
There were four key factors why the plan failed according to the group after the fiasco occurred. Janis counters these by proposing that the underlying reason why the plan failed was because of groupthink.
The Bay of Pigs was bound to fail due to these six false assumptions made by the advisory committee. No one will know that the United States was responsible for the invasion of Cuba. Most people will believe the CIA cover story, and skeptics can easily be refuted The Cuban air force is so ineffectual that it can be knocked out completely just before the invasion begins The fourteen hundred men in the brigade of Cuban exiles have high morale and are willing to carry out the invasion without support The invasion by the exile brigade will touch off sabotage by the Cuban underground and armed uprisings behind the lines that will effectively support the invaders and probably lead to the toppling of the Castro regime If the Cuban brigade does not succeed in its prime military objective, the men can retreat to the Escambray Mountains and reinforce the guerrilla units holding out against the Castro regime Even with some of the faulty intelligence that was provided by the CIA such serious decisions should be carefully thought over and weighed for pros and cons.
According Kennedy and his advisors, there were four reasons why their plan failed. A new administration bottles in an old bureaucracy 3. Secrecy-to the point of excluding the experts 4. Threats to personal reputation and status internal transition Janis was dissatisfied with the four-factor explanation, so he explains the four factors through the models of groupthink.
There was an illusion of invulnerability. He had won the nomination and the election against all the odds in the book. There was an illusion of unanimity.
In the search for group cohesion, the individual loses the ability to diverge and think for them self. There were suppressions of personal doubts. Self-censorship was a key issue, because the group members did did not want to be in conflict with other group members. Some of the committee members recall the doubts they had during the planning phase, but they never brought them up during meetings.
Benita hates these types of group members. There were self-appointed mindguards in the group. There is a groupthink symptom in which members of a group try to suppress the viewpoints of deviational members by confronting them, excluding them, or ignoring them.
These members are usually trying to keep group cohesion strong, protect the leader of the group, and protect their personal interests.Groupthink then focuses on the negative effects of erroneous group decisions.
Two major examples of groupthink are reexamined and compared: the disastrous Bay of Pigs decision by the elite advisory group of President Kennedy, and the advisory groups of President Nixon, which led to the Watergate disaster and at unsuccessful attempts to cover up.
Group Think Bay of Pigs Essay. Ryan Powers Dr - Group Think Bay of Pigs Essay introduction. Benita Dilley CATA Small Group Communication March 21, Book: Janis, Irving L.
Groupthink. group think bay of pigs - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. JFK’s Legacy and Groupthink. This article looks at two specific examples: the Bay of Pigs invasion, an attempt to invade Cuba and overthrow Fidel Castro that became a fiasco, and the Cuban missile crisis that saw the world come perilously close to nuclear war.
Victims of Groupthink. Groupthink prevails when the "need to conform" is operating. It is believed that Groupthink was operating during the "Bay of Pigs." There are other situations where Groupthink is thought to have been operating, including mass suicides and juries delivering illogical verdicts.
Over 1, invaders at the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) were vastly outnumbered. Lacking air support, necessary ammunition and an escape route, nearly 1, surrendered. Lacking air support, necessary ammunition and an escape route, nearly 1, surrendered.