Catlin Seaview Survey A major survey of the coral reefs of the Caribbean is expected to reveal the extent to which one of the world's biggest and most important reserves of coral has been degraded by climate change, pollution, overfishing and degradation. The Catlin scientists said the state of the regions' reefs would act as an early warning of problems besetting all of the world's coral. Loss of reefs is also a serious economic problem in the Caribbean, where large populations depend on fishing and tourism.
Fringing reef A fringing reef, also called a shore reef,  is directly attached to a shore,  or borders it with an intervening narrow, shallow channel or lagoon.
The final Coral reef decrease depends on where the sea bed begins to drop steeply.
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The surface of the fringe reef generally remains at the same height: In older fringing reefs, whose outer regions pushed far out into the sea, the inner part is deepened by erosion and eventually forms a lagoon. Like the fringing reef itself, they run parallel to the coast.
The fringing reefs of the Red Sea are "some of the best developed in the world" and occur along all its shores except off sandy bays.
Above all, the offshore outer reef edge formed in open water rather than next to a shoreline. Like an atoll, it is thought that these reefs are formed either as the seabed lowered or sea level rose. Formation takes considerably longer than for a fringing reef, thus barrier reefs are much rarer.
The best known and largest example of a barrier reef is the Australian Great Barrier Reef. Platform reef[ edit ] Platform reef Platform reefs, variously called bank or table reefs, can form on the continental shelfas well as in the open ocean, in fact anywhere where the seabed rises close enough to the surface of the ocean to enable the growth of zooxanthemic, reef-forming corals.
Some platform reefs of the northern Mascarenes are several thousand kilometres from the mainland. Unlike fringing and barrier reefs which extend only seaward, platform reefs grow in all directions.
Their usual shape is oval to elongated. Parts of these reefs can reach the surface and form sandbanks and small islands around which may form fringing reefs. A lagoon may form In the middle of a platform reef. Platform reefs can be found within atolls. There they are called patch reefs and may reach only a few dozen metres in diameter.
Where platform reefs form on an elongated structure, e. This is the case, for example, on the east coast of the Red Sea near Jeddah. In old platform reefs, the inner part can be so heavily eroded that it forms a pseudo-atoll.
Some platform reefs of the Laccadives are U-shaped, due to wind and water flow. Atoll Formation of an atoll according to Charles Darwin Atolls or atoll reefs are a more or less circular or continuous barrier reef that extends all the way around a lagoon without a central island.Declining coral growth on the Great Barrier Reef AIMS has identified widespread and rapid decline in the growth rate of massive Porites coral colonies on the Great Barrier Reef, with rising sea surface temperatures and coral bleaching episodes causing a decline in coral calcification.
The Independent Books Puzzles indy Apps Ebooks iJobs Dating Follow us: Environment More than 90 percent of world's coral reefs will die by Coral reefs produce some of the oxygen we. Coral reefs, the rainforests of the sea, feed a large portion of theworld's population, protect tropical shorelines from erosion, andharbor animals and plants with great potential to provide.
Coral Disease: During the last 10 years, the frequency of coral disease appears to have increased dramatically, contributing to the deterioration of coral reef communities around the globe. Most diseases occur in response to the onset of bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
In truth, coral reef habitats represent some of the densest and most varied ecosystems on Earth. Though they cover only percent of the ocean’s floor, scientists estimate that nearly one million species of fish, invertebrates, and algae can be found in and around the world’s reefs.
A small, overlooked snail could be contributing to the demise of coral reefs. "The Porites coral is kind of the last man standing, the last hope for some of these reefs .