College, in our view, should be not merely a stepping stone to the next stage of life, whatever that may be, but a springboard to a full, rich, independent life.
And how much of their leisure time to do they spend reading nonfiction? Less than 4 minutes a day. Sure, children are reading outside school—about 25 minutes a day, according to the study.
But most of that reading appears to be fiction. Another study found that juvenile fiction outsells nonfiction by more than 4 to 1 Milliot, Even in classrooms, nonfiction appears to be in short supply. Duke conducted a study of 20 1st grade classrooms and found that informational texts constituted, on average, just 9.
The mean number of informational books per child was just 1. On average, students spent just 3. Lower-income students fared worse, logging just 1. At nearly all grade levels, students are expected to develop research skills across content areas with a strong focus on nonfiction, including literary nonfiction; essays; biographies and autobiographies; journals and technical manuals; and charts, graphs, and maps Gewertz, In light of this new emphasis, we should ask what the research says about the benefits of reading nonfiction.
Students who read more tend to learn more vocabulary, become more proficient readers, find reading more enjoyable, and thus continue to read more and become ever better readers Stanovich, Poor readers, on the other hand, tend to read less and lose ground.
Over time, these differences create a widening gulf in learning. Students at the 90th percentile of reading volume reading In particular, students need to read and comprehend informational texts as often—and as fluently—as they do narrative texts.
Traditional basal texts—which consist of largely narrative content—have come under increasing scrutiny. Students in the enrichment reading group received instruction on thinking skills during teacher read-alouds; independently read self-selected books; participated in individualized reading conferences; and engaged in a variety of enrichment activities of their choice, including book discussion groups, creative writing, and other interest-based projects.
The researchers concluded that providing "structured silent reading of self-selected challenging books, accompanied by supported, individualized reading instruction … may be a promising way to increase reading fluency" p.
They note, for example, that students who are able to answer questions related to complex text have a high probability of earning a C or better in an introductory-level college course in U. One reason reading nonfiction may be so important is that it helps students develop their background knowledge, which itself accounts for as much as 33 percent of the variance in student achievement Marzano, How Teaching Needs to Change In response to the new standards, many teachers may need to shift how they approach both reading and writing.
For example, Book reports will ask students to analyze, not summarize. Presentations will be graded partly on how persuasively students express their ideas. History papers will require reading from multiple sources; the goal is to get students to see how beliefs and biases can influence the way different people describe the same events.
Santos, One English teacher who taught a unit on the influence of media on teenagers said that she had previously had her students cite just one source for their papers; this year, she had them read multiple sources, including surveys, newspaper columns, and a 4,word magazine article by Nicholas Carr titled "Is Google Making Us Stupid?
Teachers may find that this shift pays off in terms of student enthusiasm. Researchers have noted one other benefit of nonfiction reading: This may, in fact, be the most important insight to be gleaned from research.Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store.
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Recent research on academically talented students with learning disabilities indicates that they have specific counseling needs that often are not addressed in elementary and secondary school.
This article looks at what kinds of support students with this profile need, and how school counselors can provide it. In Fact: The Best of Creative Nonfiction [Lee Gutkind, Annie Dillard] on r-bridal.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A cross section of the famous and those bound to become so, this collection is a riveting experience highlighting the expanding importance of this dramatic and exciting new genre.
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