Australian government policy essay

This essay will briefly define dementia and highlight its significance as a public health issue in Australia. The application of the worldwide policy is in context to both State and Territory and Federal policy.

Australian government policy essay

This Infosheet is about the national or central government, usually called the Federal Government or the Commonwealth Government.

However, State and Territory governments are also based on the same principle of parliamentary government. Readers of this Infosheet are also recommended to read Infosheets No. Parliamentary government means that the Executive Government comes from within the Parliament; responsible government means that the Executive Government is responsible to the Parliament.

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This is the central feature of a Westminster-style government following the United Kingdom model—in contrast to other systems of government where the Executive is quite separate and not directly answerable to the Legislature—for example, in the United States of America.

The separation of powers Political theory recognises three powers of government—the legislative power to make laws; the executive power to carry out and enforce the laws; and the judicial power to interpret laws and to judge whether they apply in individual cases.

The principle of the separation of powers is that, in order to prevent Australian government policy essay government, the three powers of government should be held by separate bodies—the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary—which can act as checks and balances on each other.

With Australian government policy essay government the legislative and executive functions overlap, as the members of the Executive Government—the Ministers—are drawn from the Parliament. However, in the Australian system there are still checks and balances between the Executive and Legislature—Ministers are subject to the scrutiny of other Members of the Parliament led by an officially recognised opposition.

In addition, the Executive does not necessarily control both Houses of the Parliament see below. The Parliament The Constitution gives the legislative power of the Commonwealth—the power to make laws—to the Parliament.

The Parliament passes legislation.

Australian government policy essay

Proposed laws have to be agreed to by both Houses of Parliament to become law. The two Houses have equal powers, except that there are restrictions on the power of the Senate to introduce or directly amend some kinds of financial legislation.

The Governor-General has a role in the legislative process by assenting to Acts. See later in this Infosheet for more information about the role of the Governor-General.

The Parliament also authorises the Executive Government often simply called the government or the Executive to spend public money by agreeing to government proposals for expenditure and taxation, scrutinises the administrative actions of the government and serves as a forum for the debate of public policy.

Another function of the Parliament under our system is to provide from its membership the members of the Executive Government. After a general election the political party or coalition of parties with the support of a majority of members in the House of Representatives becomes the governing party and its leader becomes the Prime Minister.

The composition of the House also determines who will form the official opposition. The party or coalition of parties which has the most non-government Members in the House of Representatives becomes the opposition party and its leader becomes the Leader of the Opposition.

The opposition has the officially recognised function, established by convention, of opposing the government. This subject is discussed in more detail in Infosheet No. While the government has, by definition, the support of a majority of Members in the House of Representatives, the system of voting used for Senate elections gives greater opportunity to minority parties and independents, and the government often does not have majority support in the Senate.

Neither the Prime Minister nor the Cabinet are mentioned in the Constitution—the framers of the Constitution took their existence for granted, as they did the various conventions of the Westminster system of government inherited from the United Kingdom.

Table 1 below gives a comparison of the constitutional provisions and the actual practice according to the conventions which have operated in Australia. He or she achieves this position by being the elected leader of the party in government in the case of a coalition government, the major party.

Major policy and legislative proposals are decided by the Cabinet. The Prime Minister selects Ministers for Cabinet positions. Ministers Ministers are selected by the Prime Minister.

There are currently 30 Ministers. The maximum number can be increased by legislation. About 19 or so senior Ministers administer the major departments and are, usually, members of Cabinet.

Other Ministers are responsible for particular areas of administration within a major department, or may be in charge of a small department. Ministers are appointed from both Houses of Parliament, although most about two thirds are Members of the House of Representatives.

Parliamentary Secretaries Up to 12 Members and Senators are appointed by the Prime Minister as Parliamentary Secretaries to assist or represent Ministers in their administrative responsibilities.

The role of the Governor-General The Governor-General performs the ceremonial functions of head of state on behalf of the Queen. While Executive Government powers are exercised by the Governor-General or in his or her name, such actions are carried out as advised by the Prime Minister and Ministers.

Under the Constitution the Governor-General: Most of the executive actions taken by the Governor-General are of this kind. In practice, except when reserve powers are involved—see below—these functions are exercised as advised by the Prime Minister and Ministers.

These include the power to dissolve the House of Representatives and, in certain situations, both Houses see Infosheet No. However, in other than exceptional circumstances, the Governor-General will follow the advice of a Prime Minister who retains the confidence of the House.The Supermarine Spitfire in the Pacific is probably best known due to the shark's teeth Squadron RAAF painted on their aircraft.

The Spitfire came to Australia due to a mix of British geo-politics and Australian requests for help. Universities Australia Policy Statement - 27 Feb Universities make an essential contribution to creating a more diverse, sustainable and vibrant economy with opportunities for better jobs and more fulfilled lives and, through research and innovation, the creation of new products and industries.

Department of Education, Science and Training , The Australian Government's innovation report real results, real jobs, Dept. of Education, Science and Training, Canberra. Example 2 - Electronic. NEW CUSTOMER DISCOUNT!

Australian government policy essay

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The head of the Australian Public Service has ramped up his campaign for a more responsive and capability-rich bureaucracy, repeating his critque of agencies that outsource core functions and following through with his earlier pitch for a citizen-satisfaction survey.

Governor-General's Prize | Constitution Education Fund Australia