List of early Christian writers and List of early Christian texts of disputed authorship In its first few centuries, Christians made up a small minority of the population of the Roman Empire. The religion attracted little attention from writers with other religious beliefs, and few artifacts have been found to document Christianity in its earliest days. Most of the surviving documentation was written by Christians.
Nestorianism Save Nestorianism is a Christian theological doctrine that upholds several distinctive teachings in the fields of Christology and Mariology.
It opposes the concept of hypostatic union and emphasizes a radical distinction between two natures human and divine of Jesus Christ.
That Christological position is defined as radical dyophisitism. Nestorius' teachings brought him into conflict with other prominent church leaders, most notably Cyril of Alexandriawho criticized especially his rejection of the title Theotokos "Mother of God" for Marythe mother of Jesus.
Nestorius and his teachings were eventually condemned as heretical at the Council of Ephesus inand again at the Council of Chalcedon inwhich led to the Nestorian Schism ; churches supporting Nestorian teachings broke with the rest of the Christian Church.
Following that, many of Nestorius's supporters relocated to the Sasanian Empirewhere they affiliated with the local Christian community, known as the Church of the East. Over the next decades the Church of the East became increasingly Nestorian in doctrine, leading to it becoming known alternatively as the Nestorian Church.
Christology In the Nestorian view, the human and divine persons of Christ are separate. It can be seen as the antithesis to monophysitismwhich emerged in reaction to Nestorianism. Where Nestorianism holds that Christ had two loosely united natures, divine and human, monophysitism holds that he had but a single nature, his human nature being absorbed into his divinity.
A brief definition of Nestorian Christology can be given as: Monophysitism survived and developed into the Miaphysitism of the Oriental Orthodoxy. The Daqin Pagodacontroversially claimed to be part of an early Nestorian church in what was then Chang'annow Xi'anChina, built during the Tang dynasty — AD Following the exodus to Iran, scholars expanded on the teachings of Nestorius and his mentors, particularly after the relocation of the School of Edessa to the then Persian city of Nisibis modern-day Nusaybin in Turkey inwhere it became known as the School of Nisibis.
Nestorianism never again became prominent in the Roman Empire or later Europethough the diffusion of the Church of the East in and after the seventh century, spread it widely across Asia.
However, not all churches affiliated with the Church of the East appear to have followed Nestorian Christology; indeed, the modern Assyrian Church of the Eastwhich reveres Nestorius, does not follow all historically Nestorian doctrine. Despite this initial Eastern expansion, the Nestorians' missionary success was eventually deterred.
Bosch observes, "By the end of the fourteenth century, however, the Nestorian and other churches—which at one time had dotted the landscape of all of Central and even parts of East Asia—were all but wiped out.
Isolated pockets of Christianity survived only in India. The religious victors on the vast Central Asian mission field of the Nestorians were Islam and Buddhism ".
Nestorius developed his Christological views as an attempt to understand and explain rationally the incarnation of the divine Logosthe Second Person of the Holy Trinity as the man Jesus. He had studied at the School of Antioch where his mentor had been Theodore of Mopsuestia ; Theodore and other Antioch theologians had long taught a literalist interpretation of the Bible and stressed the distinctiveness of the human and divine natures of Jesus.
Nestorius took his Antiochene leanings with him when he was appointed Patriarch of Constantinople by Byzantine emperor Theodosius II in Nestorius's teachings became the root of controversy when he publicly challenged the long-used title Theotokos Bringer forth of God for Mary. He suggested that the title denied Christ's full humanity, arguing instead that Jesus had two persons dyoprosopismthe divine Logos and the human Jesus.
As a result of this prosopic duality, he proposed Christotokos Bringer forth of Christ as a more suitable title for Mary.Since early Christianity, a doctrine of seven deadly sins has been taught.
Pride, or hubris, is considered to be the sin that pushes you further away from God then any other sin. This sin, whether the sinner knows it or not, tries to put man in the same position as God.
In Hawthornes Young. Why This New Race: Ethnic Reasoning in Early Christianity (review) Stanley Kent Stowers Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Volume 75, Number 3, September. "World Christianity is a field of study that encompasses analysis of the histories, practices, and discourses of Christianity as is found on six continents.
Christianity - The Holy Trinity: The central Christian affirmations about God are condensed and focused in the classic doctrine of the Trinity, which has its ultimate foundation in the special religious experience of the Christians in the first communities.
This basis of experience is older than the doctrine of the Trinity. It consisted of the fact that God came to meet Christians in a. 12 Views on Women in Early Christianity Incarnational Hermeneutics in Tertullian and Augustine Willemien Otten T he issue of women in the early church received much.
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