Austin Buffum, Mike Mattos and Chris Weber Response to Intervention flourishes when educators implement the right practices for the right reasons.
Differences in effects on sedentary behaviour and BMI between single health behaviour interventions sedentary behaviour only and multiple health behaviour interventions were explored. Thirty-four R CT studies evaluating 33 general population interventions, published between and Aprilaiming to decrease sedentary behaviour in normal weight children or adolescents 0—18 years were included.
Intervention duration ranged from 7 days to 4 years. Mean change in sedentary behaviour and BMI from baseline to post-intervention was calculated using a random effects model.
Results showed significant decreases for the amount of sedentary behaviour and BMI. No differences were found between single and multiple health behaviour interventions.
Interventions in the school- and general population setting aiming to reduce only sedentary behaviour and interventions targeting multiple health behaviours can result in significant decreases in sedentary behaviour. Studies need to increase follow-up time to estimate the sustainability of the intervention effects found.
Sedentary behaviour, Intervention, Overweight prevention, Children, General population Introduction The high prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents is of worldwide concern [ 1 ].
Obese children are more likely than normal-weight children to maintain a high body weight throughout their life making them more vulnerable to health problems in adulthood [ 23 ].
Studies have demonstrated the relationship between an increase in television viewing or screen time and weight gain [ 45 ].
Recently, Tremblay et al. Sedentary behaviour may be associated with energy intake, for example through increased snacking during television viewing [ 45 ]. Also, sedentary behaviour may be associated with energy expenditure by replacing more active pursuits such as playing outside [ 57 ].
These associations provide rationale for the development of interventions to decrease sedentary behaviour.
Interventions performed in a general setting, for example the school setting, allow for a broad population to be reached, and may contribute to the prevention of overweight and obesity [ 58 ]. Previous reviews and meta-analyses did not distinguish between interventions that were developed to prevent excessive sedentary behaviour in the general population setting, and interventions that were developed to decrease high levels of sedentary behaviour as part of a treatment for overweight and obese children [ 69 - 17 ].
It is important to evaluate interventions specific for the general population setting, to map the preventive effect these interventions may have on sedentary behaviour and overweight prevention. This meta-analysis is the first to provide an overview of the evidence regarding the effects of interventions, implemented in the general population setting, aiming to prevent excessive sedentary behaviour among children and adolescents 0—18 years.
The main study question was: Additionally, we explored whether the effects on sedentary behaviour and BMI of single health behaviour interventions sedentary behaviour only are similar to the effects of multiple health behaviour interventions e.
The complete PubMed search strategy can be found in the additional material [Additional file 1 ]. The search strategy was adapted for each of the other databases.
A search update was performed in March Included articles and relevant reviews were hand searched for additional eligible studies.In light of this fact, why are so many schools and districts struggling to reap the benefits of RTI? Some schools mistakenly view RTI as merely a new way to qualify students for special education, focusing their efforts on trying a few token regular education interventions before referring struggling students for traditional special education testing and placement.
The Effectiveness of Classroom-Based Functional Analyses and Interventions for Off-Task and Disruptive Behaviors in a General Education Reading Classroom. An adjustment to the instructional content or performance expectations of students with disabilities from what is expected or taught to students in general education.
characteristics of general education reading interventions that are currently being implemented in elementary schools.
Although current assessment practices have been examined. This meta-analysis is the first to provide an overview of the evidence regarding the effects of interventions, implemented in the general population setting, aiming to prevent excessive sedentary behaviour among children and adolescents (0–18 years).
Interventions must be implemented in authentic education settings. The following research questions guide this review: • Which interventions are effective at improving outcomes for students with learning • Meta-analysis • Meta analysis • Multi-element • Multiple baseline (such as general education classroom, special education.